Former capital of Myanmar, Yangon, “End of strife”, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Yangon has green tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes, earning it the moniker ‘Garden City’. Yangon is famous for the world-renowned, magnificent, gold-encrusted Shwedagon Pagoda. This charming landmark appears in the distance before the eyes of travelers approaching the city. It is the most venerated place of worship for Buddhists throughout the world. You can take day trips from Yangon to Bago, an ancient city of the 15th Century; to Thanlyin, a 17th Century capital; and to Portuguese Cemetery & Yele Pagoda on a small island at Kyauktan. Visitors can also reach Twante by boat ride along Yangon river. Twante is renowned as the historic center of pottery in Myanmar and the industry still operates there today.
A true wonder of the world, Shwedagon Pagoda is the center of Myanmar Buddhism. Built over 2500 years ago by King Okkalapa, it has been added to over the centuries. It stands at a towering 100m above the green cityscape of Yangon. It is surrounded by many donated Buddha images, ornate structures, and tile walkways where the faithful and curious alike come to marvel at its magnificence.
This shrine is beautifully placed in the centre of the city of Yangon. At 157 feet high, it remains the tallest building in the downtown area. It was built about 2200 years ago. It can be called an oasis of peace in the heart of the busy modern Yangon.
Kaba Aye Pagoda
This pagoda was built in Yangon to commemorate the sixth Buddhist Synod in 1954. This pagoda’s meaning is World Peace.
Maha Pasana Guha (Great Cave)
It was specially built to hold the sixth Buddhist Great Synod. It is supposed to resemble India’s Satta Panni Cave where the First Buddhist Synod took place shortly after the Buddha’s death. It is 455 feet long and 370 feet broad and it has an assembly hall which can contain up to 10000 people. This artificially built cave lies in the vicinity of Kaba Aye.
Chauk Htat Kyee Reclining Buddha Image
A reclining Buddha, Chaukhtatkyee Pagoda was built in 1907 but it suffered damage due to the climate over the years and at 72 m is nearly as large as Bago’s reclining Shwethalyaung. It is housed under a metal-roofed shelter on Shwegondaing Lan in Yangon.
Nga Htat Kyee Pagoda
Nga Htat Kyee Buddha image is a second largest seating buddha images in Yangon. Its located at most ancient buddhist place very close( opposite site )to Chauk Htat Kyee reclining buddha image.
About 500 yards away from Shwedagon Pagoda, at the corner of Shwedagon Pagoda Road and Oo Htaung Bo Street, Maha Wizaya Zedi was built on the hill of DamaraKhita. The surface area is 11.099 acres. It was founded on 25 July, 1980. Its total height is 134 ft and is built on the base of 165E8EIt is not a solid structure but it has a hollow (cave pagoda) of 60ft diameter and 46ft height.
It is placed in North Okkalapa, suburb area of Yangon. Mae La Mu means a girl born from the fruit of La Mu tree. She become according to the story, the mother of king Okkalapa founder of Yangon.
Bogyoke Market (Scott Market)
It is the second-most visited destination in Yangon by foreign tourists. Over 2000 shops sell numerous items : bags, tapestries, rattan, herbal medicines, traditional costumes of ethnic tribes, antiques Enearly any items can be found somewhere in the market. It is a treasure trove for handmade crafts. One of the best buys is the original works of Myanmar artists. World renown Myanmar rubies and quality sapphires are among the most popular items available at the market. If one needs or wants any products, most probably, it can be found at Bogyoke Market.
Kyaik Khauk Pagoda (Thanlyin)
The Pagoda raising on the main hillock of Thanlyin. The stupa is enshrined Buddha’s hair relic.Over 800 years ago, Mon Kings erected this stupa. In the pagoda precent, there are tombs of two famous myanmar poet of 15 century (Natshinnaung and Dartukalyar).
Bago is a city 50 miles from Yangon, taking about to hours to reach by car. On the way you can visit Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda in Mon State.
Shwe Tha Lyaung Buddha Image
The 100 year old Shwe Tha Lyaung is the second largest reclining Buddha in Myanmar. It is 74m long, 21 m high and can be seen at the edge of town.
Shwemawdaw, in Bago, stands at a height of 114m. It is the most famous great pagoda in Myanmar. Built over 1000 years ago by the Mons, it was originally 23 m high and enshrined 2 hairs of the Buddha. Over the years, the pagoda was rebuilt to increase its size. In 982 and 1385 teeth were added to the relic collection and stupa built to 84 m. It continued to be built and rebuilt until, finally, after destruction by earthquake, Shwemawdaw was built to its present height in 1954. The pagoda is guarded by lions with Buddha statues in their mouths.
Shwemokhtaw Pagoda is situated in Pathein. This pagoda built over two thousand years from now and proud 250 B.C. It has passed over three distinguished Eras under three different titles.The first Era recorded the above named emperor more widely known as Siridammasoka of Pataliputta in India as the first builder of this historic shrine in the year 289 B.E, naming it as “Shweana The year 457 B.E(fresh era after systematic elimination) represented the second Era, when Aloungsithu a wellknown traveller- King of Bagan dynasty, the reiging monarch of Paukkanrama (ancient name for the present day Bagan town on the middle Ayeyarwaddy world- famous for its pagodas and Shrines) raised and enlarged this magnificent stupa renaming it as “Htupayon Samodda Gosa and Ommadanti, the then rulers of Pathein with its thirty one statellites, distinguished themselves as the ruling donors of the Third Era, who made singnificant improvement to the shrine altering the name Htupayon to “Shwe MokhtawEwhich name it carries through with fame up to date.That was in the year 600 B.E.